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The religion of IslÄm is derived from two divine sources; QurÊ¾Än and á¸¥adÄ«th of the Prophet ØµÙ„Ù‰ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‡ Ø¹Ù„ÙŠÙ‡ ÙˆØ³Ù„Ù…. The second source, á¸¥adÄ«th, has been meticulously preserved by scholars through various means that have been codified and organised and are well-known as á¸¥adÄ«th sciences. This is an extensive field which requires one to have an abundance of knowledge in order to master it. One of the highest and most complicated of its branches is the knowledge of hidden defects, termed as Ê¿ilal al á¸¥adÄ«th. In this paper, the term Ê¿ilal al á¸¥adÄ«th is explained and its significance is brought to light. There have been a handful of classical scholars who mastered this art and have made an impact on this science. They will be mentioned with their accomplishments. The hidden defect can occur either in the text (matn) of the á¸¥adÄ«th or its chain (sanad). This aspect is discussed in detail and examples of causes (ilal pl.)) are explored in this paper.