THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON MUSLIM MOTHERS IN BALI: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

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Asih Sofiah Ningrum

Abstract

Muslim mothers in Bali are vulnerable since they are a minority and because of the life-changing conditions due to the COVID-19 outbreak. This study aims to evaluate anxiety levels in Muslim mothers in Bali and to explore factors that impact their anxiety. This is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional design where independent variables are COVID-19 related stressors, and the dependent variable is anxiety. Mothers (n=51) of age 18 and above in Bali were examined by a web-based GAD-7 Indonesian Version questionnaire. Chi-Square and Fisher’s Exact Test were employed to find an association between demographic data, COVID-19 related stressors with Anxiety. The data was collected in December 2021and the result found that there are 33.3% (n=17) of mothers have anxiety symptoms and 9.8% of Muslim families in Bali do not have enough food to fulfill their basic household needs. Among 10 COVID-19 related stressors, having enough food to fulfill basic household needs was found to be statistically associated as a protective factor against anxiety (P = .037 < .05 (α); RR =.35). In conclusion, this study found that food insecurity during the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting Muslim mothers’ anxiety. However, a bigger number of samples would be needed to verify these findings.


Keywords: Anxiety, Muslim, Mother, Minority, COVID-19.

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