Information For Authors




The Journal of Integrated Sciences (JIS) is a multidisciplinary publication initiated by the International Open University (IOU). It aims to publish quality research and review articles focusing on all kinds of studies, especially practical studies that fall under the auspices of any of the sciences of Islam and relate to today's Muslim. JIS is a blind peer-reviewed open-access journal, published Quarterly (March, June, September, and December) in two languages Arabic and English. To follow the structure of the Journal of Integrated Sciences (JIS), the author might refer to the most recent published articles. All manuscripts are to be submitted at the following link: or, to the email address:


Four types of submission are accepted for publication by the journal:

1. Research Article

  • Empirical Research - Quantitative
  • Empirical Research - Qualitative
  • Empirical Research - Mixed methods
  • Clinical trial
  • Pilot Study
  • Instrument Development
  • Discussion Paper - Methodology
  • Empirical Research Methodology

2. Literature Review 

  • Systematic review or other type of review
  • Guidelines and consensus statements

3. Book Review

The JIS also welcomes other types of paper that do not fit into the above categories. If you are unsure whether your paper is suitable, please send a structured abstract to the editorial office in the first instance (

4. Editorials

Unsolicited editorials may be submitted directly to: or you may discuss a potential editorial with the Editor-in-Chief (email: Generally, editorials are between 500-1000 words.


All contributions will be initially assessed by the editorial committee for suitability of respective articles for the JIS. The suitable articles would be sent to a minimum of two independent reviewers who would have expertise in that area. Based on their comments, the decision will be made regarding the acceptance or rejection of the article. Authours must be communicated along with the Reviewers comments. Authors should not submit manuscripts that are under consideration for publication elsewhere. No plagiarized content will be accepted.


Authors are required to provide a conflict-of-interest statement during the submission process. Submitting authors should ensure they liaise with all co-authors to confirm agreement with the final statement.


The list of authors should accurately illustrate who contributed to the work and how. All those listed as authors should qualify for authorship according to the following criteria:

  • Have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data.
  • Been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  • Given final approval of the version to be published.
  • Agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

Prior to submitting the article, all authors should agree on the order in which their names will be listed in the manuscript.


As a multidisciplinary journal that publishes quality research, JIS ensures the scientific record's integrity. Authors should not misinterpret the research findings, as this can undermine trust in the publication. It can potentially jeopardize the scientific author's professionalism as well as the entire scientific endeavor. To maintain research integrity, the author should adhere to the following guidelines:

  • Author should conduct unique and original research.
  • Manuscript submitted to JIS is not being considered by any other journals.
  • The conduct of 'salami-publishing' is forbidden.
  • Avoid 'self-plagiarism' from previously published work.
  • It is not acceptable to fabricate or manipulate data (including visuals).
  • False or purposefully incorrect explanations are exploitative and unacceptable.
  • The work of others should be acknowledged properly.
  • Presenting a similar composition to multiple journals at the same time is unethical and unacceptable behavior.
  • Conflicts of interest should be declared if any.
  • At the time of submission, authors should confirm that the author group, corresponding author, and author order are proper. After a paper has been accepted, no changes in authorship or author order will be considered.
  • If authors are added or removed at the revision process, it may be justified. A note describing the role of the author(s) newly added or deleted must be submitted with the amended manuscript to justify this change. Processing your request may necessitate further documentation.
  • On request, authors shall submit any relevant documentation or data for verifying the results' authenticity. They can be submitted in the form of raw data, samples, records, and so on. No sensitive information including confidential or proprietary data shall be included.


As part of the journal's commitment to supporting authors at every step of the publishing process, the journal encourages the submitting author (only) to provide an ORCID ID when submitting a manuscript. This takes around 2 minutes to complete. Find more information here. However, this is not a requirement for publication.


The journal's paper format is as follows in general.

  • Tile

Title must reflect the core theme of the article. It should not be too short or too long.

Font: Times New Roma, size: 14, Uppercase Letter, Bold, Center.

  • Author's Name & Affiliation

We appreciate team work.

The author's name and affiliation must not appear on the paper (Anonymous author).

Font for Author's Name: Times New Roman, size: 11, Bold.

Font for Author's Affiliation: Times New Roman, size: 11, Un-bold.

  • Abstract

Abstract contains 150 to 200 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined or unusual abbreviations or unspecified references. It must capture the essence of the article.

Font: Times New Roman, size: 11, Italic.

  • Keywords

An abstract should be followed by four to five keywords which would be used for indexing.

Font: Times New Roman, size: 11, Bold.

  • Acknowledgement

If required, the author(s) may acknowledge any party on the title page.

  • Introduction

By providing an adequate background of the issue, the introduction section should clearly state the objectives of the article. It should avoid a detailed literature survey, which should rather be included in the section on “Review of Literature.

  • Review of Literature

Author should provide a substantive literature review which may also contain the conceptual background of the respective research.

  • Methodology

This section must clearly describe the approach used for conducting the research.

  • Analysis

This section must show the analysis of the data or, available literatures or documents or, historical information related the research. Authors are hereby instructed to follow the methods mentioned in the Methodology section strictly.

  • Results and Discussion

Preferably in a single section as Results and Discussion or if necessary, can be split into separate Results and Discussion sections. However, if necessary, sub or additional headings can be used in this section. Discussion should be logical, and results must be discussed in the light of previous literatures and/or data analysis justifying the findings.

  • Conclusion

It should contain one to two paragraphs summarizing the important outcome of the study.

  • Subdivision of the article

Article should be divided into various clearly defined sections and sub-sections.

  • Page layout and spacing

Paper: A4 size, Layout: Top: 2.50 cm, Left: 2.50 cm, Bottom: 2.50 cm, and Right: 2.50 cm, Portrait, Single column.

Line and Paragraph spacing: 1.5 lines, Before paragraph: 0 pt., After paragraph: 8 pt.. Body text: justified.

  • Headings, Sub-headings

HEADING 1: Times New Roman, Font 11, Upper-case letter, Bold.

Heading 2: Times New Roman, Font 11, Lower-case letter with beginning letter of each word upper-case, Bold.

Heading 3: Times New Roman, Font 11, Lower-case letter with beginning letter of each word upper-case, Un-bold.

Heading 4: Times New Roman, Font 11, Lower-case letter with beginning letter of each word upper-case, Italic.

  • Size of the article

Manuscripts must be typed with 1.5 line spacing. Manuscripts are not to exceed 6000 words for the main text, excluding the abstract, tables, figures, and references. When a term or words are to be abbreviated, they should be written in full first, then the abbreviation in parenthesis.

Font: Times New Roman, size: 11.

Equation: Use Microsoft Equation 3.0 or above.

  • Table

Placement of Table: Centre.

Title of the Table: Above the Table, Centre.

Font for the Title: Times New Roman, size 11.

Small tables should be part of the main body of the paper. However, large tables should be placed at the end in the form of appendix.

  • Figure

Placement of Figure: Centre.

Title of the Figure: Below the Figure, Centre.

Font for the Title: Times New Roman, size 11.

Small figures should be part of the main body of the paper. However, large figures should be placed at the end in the form of appendix.

  • References

The manuscript's referencing style should be consistent with the journal's style (based on APA - American Psychological Association style, The Arabic and Islamic Studies articles written in Arabic are flexible to use Chicago Referencing Style). The list should be arranged alphabetically. The author(s) are responsible for ensuring that the work is submitted in the format required. For referencing style, please follow the Referencing Style Examples.


Here is a Table of example of APA referencing style (Source: The contributors are hereby requested to follow the referencing style strictly for citation and referencing. In other cases, the paper may be rejected immediately.

  • In-Text Citations

The in-text citation of an article is followed by the author(s)' last name(s) and the year the work was published.

  • Single In-Text Citations

- IC is a broad concept that considers knowledge and learning abilities (Cohen & Vlismas, 2013).

- Waqf institutions are best understood as NPOs that are responsible for managing endowment funds and properties in Muslim countries (Adnan et al., 2013).

- In another case conducted in the British context, Bezhani (2010) examined the level of IC reporting at 30 universities.

- Similarly, Bornemann and Wiedenhofer (2014) applied the concept of IC as a key driver for performance in the Austrian educational stages from pre-school until the tertiary level.

- For instance, in Spain, Ramrez et al. (2007) conducted a case study in the context of the learning environment (more than two authors).

  • Multiple In-Text Citations

When there are many studies in the in-text citation, the year order should be supported by a parenthesis, and multiple citations should be distinguished by a semi-colon (;). As an example,

- The term non-profit refers to any organization in which owners or partners are not entitled to any share in the profits (Hansmann, 1979; Steinberg & Gray, 1993; Salamon & Anheier, 1997).


Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Assignment from Another Unit

(Reid, 2016)

Reid, S. F. (2016). The importance of scientific method [Unpublished manuscript], BSC100: Building Blocks for Science Students, Murdoch University.

A-V Materials

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry


(Moore, 2003)

Moore, M. (Writer/Director). (2003). Bowling for Columbine [DVD]. AV Channel.

Radio Programme

(Browning, 2006)

Browning, D. (Presenter). (2006, June 9). Black soccer heroes. Message Stick [Radio programme]. Guest speaker Dr. John Maynard. ABC Radio.

Sound Recording

(St. Laurence Chamber Choir & McEwan, 2005)

St. Laurance Chamber Choir (Performers), & McEwan, N. (Director). (2005). Commemoration, ritual and performance: the Iberian connection: medieval and renaissance music from the St Laurence Chamber Choir [Album]. Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Sydney.

Television Series Episode

(Masters, 2006)

Masters, C. (Presenter). (2006, March 27). Big fish, little fish. Four Corners [Television series episode]. ABC Television.

Video Recording

(Russell & Wiseman, 1995)

Russell, G. (Writer, Producer and Narrator), & Wiseman, P. (Producer). (1995). Tackling bullies: An Australian perspective [Video recording]. Video Classroom.

YouTube/Vimeo Video

(NRK, 2007)

NRK. (2007, February 26). Medieval helpdesk with English subtitles. [Video].

Book Chapter

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Chapter or Article in Edited Book

(Payne, 1999)

Payne, S. (1999). 'Dangerous and different': Reconstructions of madness in the 1990s and the role of mental health policy. In S. Watson & L. Doyal (Eds.), Engendering social policy (pp. 180-195). Open University Press.

Article in an Encyclopaedia

(Ford-Martin, 2003)

Ford-Martin, P. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral therapy. In E. Thackery & M. Harris (Eds.), Gale encyclopedia of mental disorders (Vol.1, pp. 226-228). Gale.


Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Book: Including Page Numbers

(Wells, 2009, pp. 225-226)

Wells, A. (2009). Metacognitive therapy for anxiety and depression in psychology. Guilford Press.

Book: Single Author

(Matthews, 1999)

Matthews, J. (1999). The art of childhood and adolescence: The construction of meaning. Falmer Press.

Book: Two Authors

(Colcough & Colcough, 1999)

Colclough, B., & Colclough, J. (1999). A challenge to change. Thorsons.

Book: 3-20 Authors

(Rosenthal et al., 2000)

Rosenthal, R., Rosnow, R. L., & Rubin, D. B. (2000). Contrasts and effect sizes in behavioral research: A correlational approach. Cambridge University Press.

Book: More than 20 Authors

(Author et al., Year)

Include the first nineteen authors' names, then insert three ellipses and follow with the final author's name.

Book: Different Works by Same Author in Same Year

Kubler-Ross, 1993a)

(Kubler-Ross, 1993b)

Kubler-Ross, E. (1993a). AIDS: The ultimate challenge. Collier Books.

Kubler-Ross, E. (1993b). Questions and answers on death and dying. Collier Books.

Book: Organisation as Author

(American Educational Research Association, 1985)

American Educational Research Association. (1985). Standards for educational and psychological testing. American Psychological Association.

Book: Government Agency as Author

(Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care, 1998)

Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care. (1999). Mental health: A report focusing on depression, 1998. AGPS.

Book: No Author

(The Blackwell Dictionary of Cognitive Psychology, 1991)

The Blackwell dictionary of cognitive psychology. (1991). Blackwell.

Book: Editor

(Snyder, 1999)

Snyder, C. R. (Ed.). (1999). Coping: The psychology of what works. Oxford University Press.

Book: 2 or More Editors

(Binstock & George, 1990)

Binstock, R. H., & George, L. K. (Eds.). (1990). Handbook of aging and the social sciences (3rd ed.). Academic Press.

Book: Different Editions

(Howitt & Cramer, 2008)

Howitt, D., & Cramer, D. (2008). Introduction to research methods in psychology (2nd ed.). Prentice Hall.

Conference Papers

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Paper Presentation from the Internet

(Balakrishnan, 2006)

Balakrishnan, R. (2006, March 25-26). Why aren't we using 3d user interfaces, and will we ever? [Paper presentation].  IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces, Alexandria, VA.

Unpublished Paper Presentation

(Brown & Caste, 1990)

Brown, S., & Caste, V. (2004, May). Integrated obstacle detection framework [Paper presentation]. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Detroit, MI..

Paper Presentation in Print Proceedings

(Rowling, 1993)

Rowling, L. (1993, September). Schools and grief: How does Australia compare to the United States [Paper presentation]. In Wandarna coowar: Hidden grief. 8th National Conference of the National Association for Loss and Grief (Australia), Yeppoon, Queensland (pp. 196-201). National Association for Loss and Grief.


Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry


(Ryff et al., 2019)

Ryff, C., Almeida, D., Ayanian, J., Binkley, N., Carr, D. S., Coe, C., Davidson, R., Grzywacz, J., Karlamangla, A., Krueger, R., Lachman, M., Love, G., Mailick, M., Mroczek, D., Radler, B., Seeman, T., Sloan, R., Thomas, D., Weinstein, M., Williams, D. (2019). Midlife in the United States (MIDUS 3), 2013-2014 (ICPSR 36346) [Dataset].

Dataset Repository

(University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, 2019)

University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. (2019). Consortium for political and social research (ICPSR).

Dataset Deposit Record

(Theure & Gentaz, 2018)

Theure, A., & Gentaz, E. (2018). Data from: The regulation of emotions in adolescents: age differences and emotion-specific patterns [Dataset]. Referenced in

Dataset Description Article

(Lemaignan et al., 2018)

Lemaignan, S., Edmunds, C.E.R., Senft, E., & Belpaeme, T. (2018). The PInSoRo dataset: Supporting the data-driven study of child-child and child-robot social dynamics. PLoS ONE, 13(10), Article e0205999+.


Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry


(Eckes, 2000)

Eckes, T. (2000). The developmental social psychology of gender. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Chapter from an E-book

(Jones & Gagnon, 2007)

Jones, N. A., & Gagnon, C. M. (2007). The neurophysiology of empathy. In T. F. D. Farrow & P. W. R. Woodruff (Eds.), Empathy in mental illness. Cambridge University Press.

Article from an Electronic Encyclopaedia

(Lai, 1999)

Lai, M. C. C. (1999). Hepatitis delta virus. In A. Granoff & R. Webster (Eds.), Encyclopedia of virology (2nd ed.). Academic Press.

Article from an Electronic Reference Work: No author

("Alka-Seltzer", 2019)

Alka-Seltzer. (2019). In MIMS online. MIMS Australia.


Material Type


In Text Citation


Reference List Entry

Journal Article with a DOI

(Vogels et al., 2009)

Vogels, A. G. C., Crone, M. R., Hoekstra, F., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2009). Comparing three short questionnaires to detect psychosocial dysfunction among primary school children: a randomized method. BMC Public Health, 9, 489.

Journal Article with a DOI: More Than 20 Authors and Including Page Number

(Wiskunde et al., 2019, p. 1936)

Wiskunde, B., Arslan, M., Fischer, P., Nowak, L., Van den Berg, O., Coetzee, L., Juairez, U., Riyaziyyat, E., Wang, C., Zhang, I., Li, P., Yang, R., Kumar, B., Xu, A., Martinez, R., McIntosh, L. M., Makinen, G., Virtanen, E., . . . Kovaics, A. (2019). Indie pop rocks mathematics: Twenty One Pilots, Nicolas Bourbaki, and the empty set. Journal of Improbable Mathematics, 27(1), 1934-1968.

Journal Article with a URL

(Ahmann, 2018)

Ahmann, E., Tuttle, L. J., Saviet, M., & Wright, S. D. (2018). A descriptive review of ADHD coaching research: Implications for college students. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(1): 24-58.

Journal Article with an Article Number

(March & Springer, 2019)

March, E., & Springer, J. (2019). Belief in conspiracy theories: The predictive role of schizotypy, Machiavellianism, and primary psychopathy. PLoS One, 14(12): Article e0225964.

Journal Article from a URL and Including Paragraph Number

(Munro, 1999, para. 12)

Munro, C. (1999). Facing grief. Synergy, 3(3).


Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Image, Photograph or Artwork from a Book

(Leibovitz, 1996, p. 72)

Leibovitz, A. (1996). Olympic portraits. Little Brown.

Reproduction in a Book

(Bedford, 2001, p. 154)

Bedford, P. (2001). Dingo dreaming [ochre on canvas]. Reproduced in McCulloch, S., & McCulloch Childs, E. (2008). McCulloch's contemporary Aboriginal art: The complete guide (p.154). McCulloch & McCulloch Australian Art Books.

Image from a Book Chapter

(Ardagna et al., 2008, Figure 1)

Ardagna, C. A., Damiani, E., Frati, F., & Madravio, M. (2007). Open-source solution to secure e-government services. In A-V. Anttiroiko & M. Malkia (Eds.), Encyclopedia of digital government (pp. 1300-1305). Idea Group Reference.

Image from a Journal Article

(Yeh & Xu, 2010, Table 1)

Yeh, Q-J., & Xu, X. (2010). The effect of Confucian work ethics on learning about science and technology knowledge and morality. Journal of Business Ethics, 95, 111-128.

Image from a Newspaper

(Leunig, 1995, p. 24)

Leunig, M. (1995, July 27). Thoughts of a baby lying in a childcare centre. The Sydney Morning Herald, p. 24.

Image from a Database

(Kessel, 1995, 10:10)

Kessel, M. (Director). (1995). The making of a monologue: Robert Wilson's Hamlet [video,1:02:18 mins]. Cinema Guild.

Online Image/Artwork

(Nolan, 1946)

Nolan, S. (1946). The encounter [enamel paint on composition board]. National Gallery of Australia.

Online Map

(Google Maps, 2015)

Google Maps. (2015, February 5). The British Library, London, UK. Google.,-0.127676,17z

Original Image/Artwork (Viewed in a Gallery or Collection)


(Angus, 2006)

Angus, J. (2006). Gorilla, gorilla, gorilla [wood veneers, nylon]. Art Gallery of Western Australia.

Internet Documents

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Electronic Document

(Murray, 2005)

Murray, G. (2005). A duty of care to children and young people in Western Australia: Report on the quality assurance and review of unsubstantiated allegations of abuse in care: 1 April 2004 to 12 September 2005. Western Australia, Department of Child Protection.

Government Publication

(Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care, 2000)

Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care. (2000). National youth suicide prevention strategy.

Government Publication: Curriculum Document

(Western Australia. School Curriculum & Standards Authority, 2017)

Western Australia. School Curriculum & Standards Authority. (2017). Curriculum and assessment outline: Humanities and Social Science.

Whole Internet Site

(Goldberg, 2000)

Goldberg, I. (2000). Dr. Ivan's depression central.

Journal Articles

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Journal Article in Print

(Kyratsis, 2004)

Kyratsis, A. (2004). Talk and interaction among children and the co-construction of peer groups and peer culture. Annual Review of Anthropology, 33(4), 231-247.

Journal Article in Print Including Page Number

(Parker & Roy, 2001, p. 574)

Parker, G., & Roy, K. (2001). Adolescent depression: A review. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35, 572-580.

Journal Article in Print with 3-20 Authors

(Zhang et al., 2006)

Zhang, B., Cohen, J., Ferrence, R., & Rehm, J. (2006). The impact of tobacco tax cuts on smoking initiation among Canadian young adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 30(6), 474-479.

Newspaper Articles

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Newspaper Article in Print

(Kissane, 1998)

Kissane, K. (1998, September 5). Kiss or kill: Who is the victim when a battered woman kills? The Age: Extra, p. 6.

Newspaper Article with URL

(Devlin, 2010)

Devlin, H. (2010, January 28). Neuron breakthrough offers hope on Alzheimer and Parkinson. The Times.

Newspaper Article from Factiva

(Delalande, 2019)

Delalande, J. (2019, October 26). Our teens struggle the most. The West Australian, p. 32. Factiva.!?&_suid=1576141953014019681669927131606.


Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry


(Robertson, 2010)

Robertson, R. (Speaker). (2010). Leadership at the bottom of the earth where no one hears you scream, 2010 Sir Walter Murdoch lecture [Audio podcast]. Murdoch University.

Podcast Lecture from LMS

(Hill, 2012)

Hill, D. (Speaker). (2012, April 4). Australian media representation of Asia [Audio podcast]. In Australia in Asia (FDN 110). Murdoch University.

Podcast Radio Programme

(Gary, 2007)

Gary, S. (Host). (2007, December 23). Black hole death ray.StarStuff [Audio podcast]. ABC News Radio.

Podcast Television Programme

(Brown et al., 2007)

Brown, W. (Host)., Brodie, K. (Host)., & George, P. (Producer). (2007, June 4). From Lake Baikal to the halfway mark, Yekaterinburg. Peking to Paris: Episode 3 [Video podcast]. ABC Television.

Reader/Study Guides

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Study Guide and Reader

(Gilbert, 2001)

Gilbert, E. (2001, December 15). It's a guy thing. Good Weekend. Reprinted in Bodies, sex and power (WOM104) study guide and unit reader 2004 (pp. 59-64). Murdoch University.


(Vickery & Bishop, 2005)

Vicary, D., & Bishop, B. (2005). Western psychotherapeutic practice: Engaging Aboriginal people in culturally appropriate and respectful ways. Australian Psychologist, 40, 19. Reprinted in Introduction to psychology and culture (PSY246): Unit reader 2009. Murdoch University.

Secondary Sources

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Secondary Source

Seidenberg and McClelland (as cited in Reid, 2007)

Reid, A. S. (2007). Study of multiple paranormal phenomena. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 45, 13-26.

Social Media

Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Blog Post

(Flower, 2015)

Flower, R. (2015, June 1). How a simple formula for resolving problems and conflict can change your reality. Pick The Brain.

Blog Comment


(Stephen, 2017)

Stephen. (2017, February 21). Re: Why you should let your passion die [Comment]. PsychCentral.

Facebook Post

(Murdoch University Library, 2017)

Murdoch University Library. (2017, February 22). In a dedication ceremony on Tuesday, Murdoch University celebrated the naming of the Library after eminent historian and Murdoch icon, the late Emeritus Professor Geoffrey Bolton [Status update]. Facebook.

Facebook Comment

(Beach, 2017)

Beach, J. (2017, February 22). Re: In a dedication ceremony on Tuesday, Murdoch University celebrated the naming of the Library after eminent historian and Murdoch icon, the late Emeritus Professor Geoffrey Bolton [Comment]. Facebook.


(Kruszelnicki, 2017)

Kruszelnicki, K. [@DoctorKarl]. (2017, February 19). Fact-checker scientist @bengoldacre, evidence-based medicine, dead cat #Shirtloadsofscience: [Tweet]. ref_src=twsrc^google| twcamp^serp|twgr^author

YouTube/Vimeo/Ted Talk video

(Setrakian, 2017)

Setrakian, L. (2017, January). Lara Setrakian: 3 ways to fix a broken news industry. [Video]. broken_news_industry#t-521404

YouTube Comment

(Kirk, 2017)

Kirk, J. (2017, February). Re: Medieval helpdesk with English subtitles. [Comment]. YouTube.

Instagram Post

(Murdoch University Library, 2017)

Murdoch University Library. (2017, February 21). An exhibition entitled Geoffrey Bolton: The Legacy of an Eminent Historian and Iconic Murdoch Figure, featuring artworks, pictures, awards and memorabilia relating to his life, will be showcased in the University Library foyer until March 17 {Photographs].

Instagram Comment

(Coltferrari, 2017)

Coltferrari. (2017, February 21). Re: An exhibition entitled Geoffrey Bolton: The Legacy of an Eminent Historian and Iconic Murdoch Figure, featuring artworks, pictures, awards and memorabilia relating to his life, will be showcased in the University Library foyer until March 17 {Comment]. Instagram.



(StudentVIP, 2017)

StudentVIP. (2017). Lost on Campus (Version 4.1.3) [Mobile app]. Apple App Store.


(Persson & Bergensten, 2011)

Persson, M., & Bergensten, J. (2011). Minecraft [Game]. Mojang Synergies AB.


Material Type

In Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Unpublished Thesis

(Milnes, 1998)

Milnes, G. M. (1998). Adolescent depression: The use of generative instruction to increase rational beliefs and decrease irrational beliefs and depressed mood [Unpublished M.Appl.Psy. thesis]. Murdoch University.

Published Thesis

(May, 2007)

May, B. (2007) A survey of radial velocities in the zodiacal dust cloud. Canopus Publishing.

Thesis from a Database

(Roemmele, 2018)

Roemmele, M. (2018). Neural networks for narrative continuation (Publication No. 22621448) [Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Thesis from a Repository

(Ryan, 2014)

Ryan, J. (2014). The measurement and meaning of coping in psychiatric patients [PhD thesis, Murdoch University]. Murdoch University Research Repository.